NASA has planed its Marse Rover seven tools to be used in 2020
NASA plans to launch its next Mars rover in 2020. It will be based on the design of the highly successful rover Kyuriositi , which landed on Mars two years ago (August 6, 2012).
At a press conference in Washington, DC space agency NASA announced that the construction of the rover has been carefully selected tools 7 of 58 proposals from scientists and engineers from around the world. The total cost of all of the selected equipment is 130 million dollars.
New Mars Rover will be difficult to upgrade equipment and used to search for evidence of ancient Martian life, as well as for the identification and selection of rock and soil. With the mars rover future researchers will be able to expand their knowledge on the proper use of natural resources for the production of oxygen and oxidizer for rocket fuel, to understand the dangers of Martian dust.
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“Mars Rover with the new advanced scientific instruments, including from our international partners, promises to unravel the secrets of the past of Mars” – said astronaut and associate administrator of science NASA John Grunsfeld.
According to the official website of NASA, the list of selected seven proposals include:
Mastcam-Z – device consisting of a camera system that will create a panoramic and stereoscopic images with the possibility of approximation.
SuperCam – a device that will analyze the chemical and mineralogical composition of the Martian surface and detect the presence of organic compounds in the rocks in the distance.
Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (pixl) – X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, which will contain a high resolution camera to determine the small-sized chemical composition of materials from the surface of Mars.
Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC) – a combination of a spectrometer and an ultraviolet laser, which will be used to determine the mineral composition of the small-scale and location of organic compounds. SHERLOC will be the first spectrometer using a UV laser, flown to Mars.
The Mars ISRU Oxygen Experiment (MOXIE) – the first experimental technology that will produce oxygen from the carbon dioxide contained in the Martian atmosphere.
Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA) – a set of sensors that will measure temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity, particle size and shape of dust.
The Imager for Mars Radar ‘Subsurface Exploration (RIMFAX) – GPR, which will study the geological structure of the layers of the surface of Mars.